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Total Parenteral Nutrition

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Notes
Related terms
Uses
Dosing
Safety
Author information

Notes

    Related terms

      Uses
      • It is used to aid diet needs.
      • TPN (total parenteral nutrition) is a diet aid.

      Dosing

      How to take

      • It is given into a vein for a period of time.

      Missed Dose

      • Call your doctor to find out what to do.

      Storage

      • Most of the time, this drug will be given in a hospital or doctor's office. If stored at home, follow how to store as you were told by your doctor.

      Safety



      Avoid

      • If you have an allergy to amino acids, dextrose, fat emulsion, or any other part of this drug.
      • If you have an allergy to corn, corn products, eggs, or soybeans, talk with your doctor.
      • Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs. Make sure to tell about the allergy and what signs you had. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
      • If you have any of these health problems: Irritation of the pancreas, very high cholesterol, or very bad liver disease.

      Precautions

      • If you have high blood sugar (diabetes), talk with your doctor.
      • If you have liver disease, talk with your doctor.
      • Have your blood work checked often. Talk with your doctor.
      • Check all drugs you are taking with your doctor. This drug may not mix well with some other drugs.
      • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
      • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant.
      • Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding.

      Side Effects

      • Swelling.
      • High blood sugar. This most often goes back to normal when drug is stopped.
      • Irritation where the shot is given.

      Contact a healthcare provider

      • If you think there was an overdose, call your local poison control center or ER right away.
      • Signs of a very bad reaction to the drug. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue or gray skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat.
      • Signs of infection. These include a fever of 100.5F (38C) or higher, chills, very bad sore throat, ear or sinus pain, cough, more sputum or change in color of sputum, pain with passing urine, mouth sores, wound that will not heal, or anal itching or pain.
      • Trouble breathing.
      • Very bad dizziness or passing out.
      • Very upset stomach or throwing up.
      • More trips to the bathroom, more thirst, or weight loss.
      • Dark urine or yellow skin or eyes.
      • Any rash.
      • Side effect or health problem is not better or you are feeling worse.

      General Statements

      • If you have a very bad allergy, wear an allergy ID at all times.
      • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
      • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
      • Most drugs may be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.
      • In Canada, take any unused drugs to the pharmacy. Also, visit http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/med/disposal-defaire-eng.php#th to learn about the right way to get rid of unused drugs.
      • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
      • Call your doctor for help with any side effects. If in the U.S., you may also call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or if in Canada, you may also call Health Canada's Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.
      • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including OTC, natural products, or vitamins.

      Author information
      • Copyright 1978-2013 Lexi-Comp Inc. All rights reserved.

      Copyright 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)


      The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

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