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Pentamidine

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Notes
Related terms
Uses
Dosing
Safety
Author information

Notes

    Related terms
    • Brand Names: U.S.: Nebupent®;Pentam® 300

    Uses
    • It is used to stop or treat infections caused by Pneumocystis jirovecii.
    • It is used to treat infections.
    • Pentamidine works to harm the bugs and fight the infection.

    Dosing

    How to take

    • All products:
    • To gain the most benefit, do not miss doses.
    • Use as you have been told, even if you are feeling better.
    • Liquid for breathing in:
    • For breathing in only as a liquid (solution) by a special machine (nebulizer) into the lungs.
    • This drug will be given to you by a doctor.
    • Your doctor may teach you how to give this drug.
    • Follow how to take this drug as you have been told by your doctor. Do not use more than you were told to use.
    • Keep family members away from the drug. Talk with the doctor.
    • Shot:
    • It is given as a shot into a muscle or vein.

    Missed Dose

    • Take a missed dose as soon as you think about it.
    • If it is close to the time for your next dose, skip the missed dose and go back to your normal time.
    • Do not take 2 doses at the same time or extra doses.
    • Shot:
    • Call your doctor for an office visit.

    Storage

    • Store at room temperature.
    • Protect from light.

    Safety



    Warnings

    • Sometimes drugs are not safe when you take them with certain other drugs. Taking them together can cause bad side effects. This is one of those drugs. Be sure to talk to your doctor about all the drugs you take.

    Avoid

    • If you have an allergy to pentamidine or any other part of this drug.
    • Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs. Make sure to tell about the allergy and what signs you had. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
    • If you are breast-feeding.

    Precautions

    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
    • If you have asthma, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have high blood sugar (diabetes), talk with your doctor.
    • If you have high blood pressure, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have kidney disease, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have pancreatitis, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have low blood pressure, talk with your doctor.
    • If your white blood cell, red blood cell, or platelet counts are low, talk with your doctor.
    • Have your blood pressure checked often. Talk with your doctor.
    • Have your blood work checked often. Talk with your doctor.
    • Check all drugs you are taking with your doctor. This drug may not mix well with some other drugs.
    • Tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan on getting pregnant.

    Side Effects

    • Chance of getting an infection. Wash hands often. Stay away from people with infections, colds, or flu.
    • Feeling dizzy. Rise slowly over a few minutes when sitting or lying down. Be careful climbing.
    • Bad taste in your mouth.
    • Feeling tired or weak.
    • Cough.
    • Not hungry.
    • Irritation where the shot is given.
    • Upset stomach or throwing up. Many small meals, good mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.
    • Low blood sugar. Signs include anger, shaking, a fast heartbeat, confusion, or sweating. Keep hard candies, glucose tablets, liquid glucose, or juice on hand for low blood sugar.
    • Anemia, low white blood cell count, and low platelet count.

    Contact a healthcare provider

    • If you think there was an overdose, call your local poison control center or ER right away.
    • Signs of a very bad reaction to the drug. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue or gray skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat.
    • Signs of infection. These include a fever of 100.5°F (38°C) or higher, chills, very bad sore throat, ear or sinus pain, cough, more sputum or change in color of sputum, pain with passing urine, mouth sores, wound that will not heal, or anal itching or pain.
    • Chest pain or pressure or a fast heartbeat.
    • Change in thinking clearly and with logic.
    • Very bad dizziness or passing out.
    • Very low blood sugar or very high blood sugar.
    • Very upset stomach or throwing up.
    • Very loose stools (diarrhea), even after drug is stopped.
    • Any bruising or bleeding.
    • Any rash.
    • Side effect or health problem is not better or you are feeling worse.

    General Statements

    • If you have a very bad allergy, wear an allergy ID at all times.
    • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
    • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
    • Most drugs may be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.
    • In Canada, take any unused drugs to the pharmacy. Also, visit http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/med/disposal-defaire-eng.php#th to learn about the right way to get rid of unused drugs.
    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
    • Call your doctor for help with any side effects. If in the U.S., you may also call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or if in Canada, you may also call Health Canada's Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.
    • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including OTC, natural products, or vitamins.

    Author information
    • Copyright © 1978-2013 Lexi-Comp Inc. All rights reserved.

    Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)


    The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

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