Table of Contents > Drug > Sodium Nitrite, Sodium Thiosulfate, and Amyl Nitrite Print

Sodium Nitrite, Sodium Thiosulfate, and Amyl Nitrite

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Notes
Related terms
Uses
Dosing
Safety
Author information

Notes

    Related terms
    • Brand Names: U.S.: Cyanide Antidote Package

    Uses
    • It is used to treat cyanide poisoning.
    • Sodium nitrate, sodium thiosulfate, and amyl nitrate gets rid of cyanide from the body.

    Dosing

    How to take

    • Amyl nitrite:
    • Do not take this drug by mouth. Use in your nose only. Keep out of your mouth and eyes (may burn).
    • Sit or lie down before use.
    • Crush vial between your fingers. Do not take off the covering.
    • Hold under your nose for 15 to 30 seconds to breathe in vapor.
    • Sodium nitrite and sodium thiosulfate:
    • It is given as a shot into a vein over a period of time.

    Safety



    Avoid

    • If you have an allergy to sodium nitrite, sodium thiosulfate, amyl nitrite, or any other part of this drug.
    • Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs. Make sure to tell about the allergy and what signs you had. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
    • If you are pregnant or may be pregnant.

    Precautions

    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
    • Check all drugs you are taking with your doctor. This drug may not mix well with some other drugs.
    • Tell your doctor if you are breast-feeding.

    Side Effects

    • Feeling dizzy. Rise slowly over a few minutes when sitting or lying down. Be careful climbing.
    • Flushing.
    • Headache.
    • Upset stomach or throwing up. Many small meals, good mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.

    General Statements

    • If you have a very bad allergy, wear an allergy ID at all times.
    • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
    • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
    • Most drugs may be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.
    • In Canada, take any unused drugs to the pharmacy. Also, visit http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/med/disposal-defaire-eng.php#th to learn about the right way to get rid of unused drugs.
    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
    • Call your doctor for help with any side effects. If in the U.S., you may also call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or if in Canada, you may also call Health Canada's Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.
    • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including OTC, natural products, or vitamins.

    Author information
    • Copyright © 1978-2013 Lexi-Comp Inc. All rights reserved.

    Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)


    The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

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