Table of Contents > Drug > Bleomycin Print

Bleomycin

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Notes
Related terms
Uses
Dosing
Safety
Author information

Notes

    Related terms
    • Brand Names: Canada: Blenoxane®;Bleomycin Injection, USP

    Uses
    • It is used to treat cancer.
    • It is used to stop fluid buildup in the lung cavity.
    • Bleomycin harms cancer cells causing their death.

    Dosing

    How to take

    • It is given as a shot into a vein.
    • It is given into the lung cavity.

    Safety



    Warnings

    • This drug may cause very bad lung problems. Patients with kidney problems, older adults, and people getting a large dose (greater than a total of 400 units or 400 mg for all treatments) have a greater chance of having problems. Call your doctor right away if you have trouble breathing. These effects may happen during or a few hours after your first or second dose of this drug. Lung problems may also happen months after this drug has been stopped. Tell your doctor if you are feeling dizzy, are not thinking clearly, have fever, chills, or wheezing.
    • Unsafe allergic effects may happen.
    • Sometimes drugs are not safe when you take them with certain other drugs. Taking them together can cause bad side effects. This is one of those drugs. Be sure to talk to your doctor about all the drugs you take.

    Avoid

    • If you have an allergy to bleomycin or any other part of this drug.
    • Tell your doctor if you are allergic to any drugs. Make sure to tell about the allergy and what signs you had. This includes telling about rash; hives; itching; shortness of breath; wheezing; cough; swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat; or any other signs.
    • If you are pregnant or may be pregnant.
    • If you are breast-feeding.

    Precautions

    • If you have kidney disease, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have lung disease, talk with your doctor.
    • If you have had radiation, talk with your doctor.
    • If you are a heavy smoker, talk with the doctor.
    • Check all drugs you are taking with your doctor. This drug may not mix well with some other drugs.
    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
    • Talk with your doctor before getting any vaccines. Use with this drug may either raise the chance of an infection or make the vaccine not work as well.
    • Tell dentists, surgeons, and other doctors that you use this drug.
    • Use birth control that you can trust to stop pregnancy while taking this drug.

    Side Effects

    • Skin irritation.
    • Fever.
    • Upset stomach or throwing up. Many small meals, good mouth care, sucking hard, sugar-free candy, or chewing sugar-free gum may help.
    • Mouth irritation or sores. Using a soft toothbrush or cotton swabs and rinsing the mouth may help. Do not use mouth rinses that have alcohol in them.
    • Weight loss.
    • Not hungry.
    • Harm to the lungs may happen.

    Contact a healthcare provider

    • Signs of a very bad reaction to the drug. These include wheezing; chest tightness; fever; itching; bad cough; blue or gray skin color; seizures; or swelling of face, lips, tongue, or throat.
    • Trouble breathing.
    • Very bad dizziness or passing out.
    • Cough that does not go away.
    • Very bad mouth irritation.
    • Very bad skin irritation.
    • Change in thinking clearly and with logic.
    • Not able to pass urine.
    • Any rash.
    • Side effect or health problem is not better or you are feeling worse.

    General Statements

    • If you have a very bad allergy, wear an allergy ID at all times.
    • Do not share your drugs with others and do not take anyone else's drugs.
    • Keep all drugs out of the reach of children and pets.
    • Most drugs may be thrown away in household trash after mixing with coffee grounds or kitty litter and sealing in a plastic bag.
    • In Canada, take any unused drugs to the pharmacy. Also, visit http://www.hc-sc.gc.ca/hl-vs/iyh-vsv/med/disposal-defaire-eng.php#th to learn about the right way to get rid of unused drugs.
    • Keep a list of all your drugs (prescription, natural products, vitamins, OTC) with you. Give this list to your doctor.
    • Call your doctor for help with any side effects. If in the U.S., you may also call the FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or if in Canada, you may also call Health Canada's Vigilance Program at 1-866-234-2345.
    • Talk with the doctor before starting any new drug, including OTC, natural products, or vitamins.

    Author information
    • Copyright © 1978-2013 Lexi-Comp Inc. All rights reserved.

    Copyright © 2011 Natural Standard (www.naturalstandard.com)


    The information in this monograph is intended for informational purposes only, and is meant to help users better understand health concerns. Information is based on review of scientific research data, historical practice patterns, and clinical experience. This information should not be interpreted as specific medical advice. Users should consult with a qualified healthcare provider for specific questions regarding therapies, diagnosis and/or health conditions, prior to making therapeutic decisions.

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